Implementation of 2018 MoU between Kuwait and Philippines

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

In January 2020, the Philippine government imposed a total ban on sending Filipino workers to Kuwait after the death of an overseas Filipino worker in Kuwait. This ban was lifted in February, accompanied by the First Joint Committee Meeting on the 2018 Philippines-Kuwait Agreement on the Deployment of Domestic Workers. During the meeting, officials discussed several protection measures for Filipino domestic workers that are to be institutionalized.

Memorandum of Understanding between Libya and Italy

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded
The Libya-Italy Memorandum of Understanding on Migration (LIMUM) was extended until 2023. LIMUM provides Italian support to Libyan Cost Guard and other authorities of the Government of National Unity (GNA) to intercept vessels crossing the Mediterranean and return asylum-seekers to detention camps in Libya. The support has been about $100 million in training, ships, and equipment from Italy and the EU’s Trust Fund for Africa—the latter established for development in migrants’ home countries. Italy along with the EU, has invested millions of dollars since 2017 into the Libyan coast guard’s operations.

Memorandum of Understanding between Libya and Malta

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

Malta and Libya have signed an MoU, valid for three years with an option to extend for an additional year, that sets up coordination centres, one in Malta and one in Libya, funded by Malta to coordinate and support regulation of migrant boats from Libya to European countries. It further stipulates that Malta propose to the EU Commission for increased financial support to strengthen Libyan border security including “for the interception and follow-up of human trafficking activities in the search and rescue region of the Mediterranean basin.”

Royal Decree 63/2020 Ratifying the Agreement between the Sultanate of Oman and the Slovak Republic for the avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

Oman and Slovakia signed an agreement that will allow residents of either or both countries to not pay double tax with regards to income by allowing deductions from one’s payable tax. The agreement further defines specificities of eligible persons and relevant taxation under this agreement, additionally mentioning that stateless persons who are residents of either Oman or Slovakia will not be held to more taxes than a national of either country.

Memoranda of Understanding signed by UAE at the International Labour Conference

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded
The UAE signed three MoUs, creating a bilateral agreement with Nepal, Pakistan and Vietnam respectively regarding cooperation on manpower recruitment, with a focus on the hiring of domestic workers in UAE. Themes included ensuring workers were recruited through licensed employment agencies operating in the UAE and the three countries, ensuring transparency, and guaranteeing the rights of all relevant parties.

Memorandum of Understanding between UAE and Philippines on Cooperation in Combating Human Trafficking

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

The UAE and the Philippines signed a MoU on Cooperation in Combating Human Trafficking and outlines the two countries’ cooperation to adopt procedures to combat human trafficking, share best practices, exchange information, promote human rights, and provide assistance in the protection, rescue, repatriation, recovery, and rehabilitation of trafficking victims in accordance with domestic laws.

Memorandum of Understanding between UAE and Rwanda

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded
The UAE and Rwanda signed a MoU to consolidate their cooperation around recruitment and employment of Rwandan workers by private sector firms in the UAE. Efforts outlined in the MoU include implementing best practices, working towards transparency, and protecting rights of all parties during the recruitment process and duration of employment. A specific mechanism for recruiting and employing workers in the UAE private sector will be adopted, including necessitating a Rwandan worker to obtain before leaving Rwanda a detailed job offer that corresponds to the labor contract that one would sign upon arrival in the UAE.

Memorandum of Understanding between UAE and Uganda

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded
The UAE has agreed upon a MoU with the Republic of Uganda regarding the recruitment and employment of Ugandan labour in the UAE, especially in regards to domestic workers. The MoU lays out a specified process of recruitment that incorporates transparent contracts and makes use of registered recruitment agencies for the protection of all parties involved