Interim Protocol on Land Distribution for Housing to Eligible Refugee-Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

In an effort to provide tenure security and address the housing needs of IDPs and refugee-returnees, the Interim Protocol establishes the eligibility criteria for land distribution, availability of land for distribution, priority in land allocation, determination of beneficiaries, and the obligations of beneficiaries and land ownership. The provisions in the Protocol are according to the Somali Provisional Constitution that guarantees to every person residing lawfully on the territory of the said Republic freedom of movement, the freedom to choose his/her residence and to leave the country.

Internally Displaced Person and Refugee Returnees Policy

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

The Banadir Regional Administration & Municipality of Mogadishu established an IDP policy in response to Somalia’s National Development Plan (2017-2019) objective of enhancing the country’s resilience capacity, specifically to sustainably reduce the number of IDPs by bringing them into mainstream life and addressing underlying causes of their displacement. The policy articulates the Administration’s plan for IDPs in Mogadishu, building on the laws of Somalia and the National IDP Policy, with a focus on the implementation of durable solutions while ensuring that IDP rights are taken into consideration.

National Eviction Guidelines

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

To provide specific protection against the rising cases of forced evictions of IDPs, especially in major urban cities, the Somali Government has established National Eviction Guidelines that lay out conditions, safeguards, process for legal evictions, in line with international standards. The Guidelines prevent arbitrary and forced eviction of occupiers of public and private properties, from homes, encampments and other lands, thus protecting the rights of IDPs and refugee-returnees to residence.

National Policy on Refugee-Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

The National Policy, for the first time, codifies the Somali government’s responsibility – both at the federal and state level – for facilitating sustainable solutions for IDPs. The legislation protects the rights of IDPs and refugee-returnees and creates a framework to prevent further forced displacement, provide protection and assistance during displacement, and find a durable solution to their displacement.

Jordan Response Plan (JRP) for the Syria Crisis 2018-2020

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

The Response Plan seeks to address the needs of Syrian refugees and Jordanian host communities affected by the crisis by adopting a resilience-based approach that combines short-term humanitarian and longer-term development response, in addition to setting budget needs and fundraising goals for the Government to effectively continue offering support to Syrian refugees.

Law No. 11 of 2018

Date Adopted / Created / Concluded

Law No. 11 regulates political asylum by allowing all individuals except for those who committed war crimes, human rights violations or non-political crimes to apply for political asylum, granting applicants three months of temporary residency until a final decision on their claim is reached, and then granting asylum to individuals and their family members along with the right to apply for travel documents, right to work, and the right to access government health care, education and housing.