Article 91 enshrines the principle of nonrefoulement and guarantees the provision of protection to refugees and asylum-seekers. Article 88 stipulates that the State shall safeguard the interests of Egyptians living abroad, protect them and protect their rights and freedoms, enable them to perform their public duties towards the State and society, and encourage their contribution to the development of the nation. It further states that the law shall regulate the participation of Egyptians living abroad in elections and referendums in a manner consistent with their particular circumstances. Article 244 stipulates that the State shall endeavor that Egyptians living abroad be appropriately represented in the first House of Representatives to be elected after the entry into force of the Constitution. Article 23 sets forth that the State shall ensure the participation of Egyptian expatriates in the progress of scientific research. The Constitution also provides a framework for outreach to the Egyptian community abroad, including their participation in social and economic development and political processes.