The National Policy, for the first time, codifies the Somali government’s responsibility – both at the federal and state level – for facilitating sustainable solutions for IDPs. The legislation protects the rights of IDPs and refugee-returnees and creates a framework to prevent further forced displacement, provide protection and assistance during displacement, and find a durable solution to their displacement.
The Response Plan seeks to address the needs of Syrian refugees and Jordanian host communities affected by the crisis by adopting a resilience-based approach that combines short-term humanitarian and longer-term development response, in addition to setting budget needs and fundraising goals for the Government to effectively continue offering support to Syrian refugees.
Law No. 11 regulates political asylum by allowing all individuals except for those who committed war crimes, human rights violations or non-political crimes to apply for political asylum, granting applicants three months of temporary residency until a final decision on their claim is reached, and then granting asylum to individuals and their family members along with the right to apply for travel documents, right to work, and the right to access government health care, education and housing.
Articles 4 and 7 of Law No. (11) of 2018 on Regulating Political Asylum stipulate that the Minister of Interior establish a Committee for Political Asylee Affairs with members from the Interior, Foreign Affairs and Justice Ministries, the State Security Bureau and the National Human Rights Committee, and defines its modus operandi. The Committee will be responsible for presenting recommendations on political asylum applications to the Minister of Interior who will issue, within three months from the date of receiving the recommendations, a decision approving or rejecting a political asylum application. To date, the Committee has not been established.
Decree 410/PR/MI is the second of a set of refugee laws passed in 2017 and determines the fundamental rights of refugee and asylum seekers, facilitating refugees' access to health care, education and employment, and giving them more opportunities for integration.
Law No. 159 on the status of refugees reinforces the national legal framework on asylum and refugee status while also incorporating many important provisions from the 1951 Refugee Convention and its Protocol to ensure that nationals and refugees enjoy equal civil, economic, social and cultural rights.