The Libya-Italy Memorandum of Understanding on Migration (LIMUM) was extended until 2023. LIMUM provides Italian support to Libyan Cost Guard and other authorities of the Government of National Unity (GNA) to intercept vessels crossing the Mediterranean and return asylum-seekers to detention camps in Libya. The support has been about $100 million in training, ships, and equipment from Italy and the EU’s Trust Fund for Africa—the latter established for development in migrants’ home countries. Italy along with the EU, has invested millions of dollars since 2017 into the Libyan coast guard’s operations.
Date Adopted / Created / Concluded
Thematic Area
Irregular Migration
Prevention of Irregular Migration
Secondary Sub-theme
Training to labour inspectors
Policy Type